The most widely accepted origin of the name Sikkim is that it is a combination of two words in the Limbu Su, which means “new and Kyiam, which means “palace or house , in reference to the palace built by the state’s first ruler, phuntsok Mamgyal. Small but beautiful, Sikkim is situated in the eastern Himalayas. Spread below the Mount Khanchendzonga (8534 meters), the third highest mountain in the world, and revered by the Sikkimese as their protective deity. Amidst the grandeur of the mountain peaks, lush valleys, fast flowing rivers, hills, Sikkim offers here visitors a rare and singular experience. Within a matter of hours, one can move from the sub slopes that reach up to the area of perpetual snow.
The thumb –shaped state Sikkim borders Nepal in the West, the Tibet (China) to the North and East, and Bhutan in the southeast. The Indian state of West Bengal borders Sikkim to its south. Gangtok is the capital city of Sikkim, a bustling town with the blend of tradition and modernity. Sikkim has an unusual variety of climate influenced by varying altitudes so much so; it is possible to drop from arctic heights to the tropical lowlands within a matter of couple of hours. During the spring (March-May) and autumn (September –November), the weather is pleasant and winter (December –February), the days become cold and nights chilly but the snow line remains above 12,000 ft.